Als Catchen Anfang der Fünfzigerjahre boomte, war "I.K." der Star im Ring: Er umschlich seine Gegner, sprang sie raubtierhaft an, würgte sie in. Wrestling (engl. Ringen, oft wird auch der Begriff Catchen verwendet) ist eine Mischung aus Show und Sport. Im Mittelpunkt dieser Schaukampf-Sportart steht. Steffen Dobbert porträtiert einen Sportler und einen Pseudo-Sport. Wrestling sei mindestens 70 Prozent Show, der Rest ist Sport im Sinne.
Catch WrestlingWrestling (engl. Ringen, oft wird auch der Begriff Catchen verwendet) ist eine Mischung aus Show und Sport. Im Mittelpunkt dieser Schaukampf-Sportart steht. Als Unterhaltungssport braucht Wrestling einen Vermarkter, der den Stars eine große Bühne bietet. Seit vielen Jahren ist das die WWE. Die WWE (=World. Als Catchen Anfang der Fünfzigerjahre boomte, war "I.K." der Star im Ring: Er umschlich seine Gegner, sprang sie raubtierhaft an, würgte sie in.
Catchen Sport Climbing Partners VideoCatchen/Wrestling Hamburg 01.10.87 Johnny Saint vs Rolo Brasil
Amateur wrestler, Sir Atholl Oakley got together with fellow grappler Henry Irslinger to launch one of the first promotions to employ the new style of wrestling which was coined "All—in" wrestling.
Though, like many wrestlers throughout the business, Oakley would claim his wrestling was entirely legitimate, his claim was highly dubious.
The business was reaching one of its highest points at the time, with the best part of forty regular venues in London alone.
The great demand for wrestling, however, meant there were not enough skilled amateurs to go around, and many promoters switched to more violent styles , with weapons and chairshots part of the proceedings.
Women wrestlers and mud-filled rings also became common place. In the late s, the London County Council banned professional wrestling, leaving the business in rough shape just before World War II.
After the war, attempts to relaunch the business in failed to catch on with journalists who condemned the gimmickry calling the show fake.
The revelation of this, and the general chaos which had surrounded All In Wrestling prior to the War, prompted Admiral Lord Mountevans , a fan of the sport, to get together with Commander Campbell a member of the popular " The Brains Trust " radio panel show , member of parliament Maurice Webb and Olympic wrestler Norman Morell to create a committee to produce official rules for wrestling.
These rules became known as Admiral-Lord Mountevans rules. The most notable action of the committee was to create seven formal weight divisions, calling for champions to be crowned at each weight.
These weight divisions included lightweight pound limit , welterweight , middleweight , heavy middleweight , light heavyweight , mid heavyweight , and heavyweight.
Many of these rules diverged heavily from those in used in American Wrestling — five-minute rounds three minutes for title matches , two public warnings for rule breaking before a disqualification, "knockouts" countouts and disqualifications counting as automatic two falls in best of three falls matches which were predominant , and no follow-up moves allowed on a grounded opponent.
The existence of the committee was readily acknowledged by promoters who used its existence to counter any accusations of wrongdoings within the business.
It was the promoters themselves, however, who revolutionized the business. During this time, under the guise of an alliance of promoters attempting to regulate the sport and uphold the committee's ideas, the promoters created a cartel based on America's National Wrestling Alliance territory system that was designed to carve up control of the business among a handful of promoters—which it did in under the name of Joint Promotions.
By agreeing to rotate talent and block out rival promoters, Joint Promotions was soon running 40 shows a week, while leaving wrestlers with little bargaining power.
Other promoters were not so successful. The closure of Harringay Arena in was the last straw for Atholl Oakley, and Joint Promotions were the only major player left to benefit when Chancellor Peter Thorneycroft abolished the entertainment tax in the budget.
One of Joint Promotions' first moves was establishing and controlling the championships called for by the Mountevans' committee. At first, this proved a profitable venture, with title matches leading to raised ticket prices.
However, perhaps inevitably, attempts to extend this success by bringing in additional titles led to overexposure.
Actually, the British, European and World titles were given most prominence. The "regional" titles were mainly honorific, with only the "southern Area" titles actually being fought for.
But while titles had some success, it was television that took British wrestling to the next level. The show was successful, and wrestling became a featured attraction every Saturday afternoon from Autumn to Spring each year.
In , it went full-time as part of the World of Sport show. Televised wrestling allowed wrestlers to become household names and allowing personality to get a wrestler over just as much as size.
The exposure of wrestling on television proved the ultimate boost to the live event business as wrestling became part of mainstream culture.
By the mids, Joint Promotions had doubled their live event schedule to somewhere in the region of 4, shows a year. Every town of note had a show at least once a month, and at some points more than 30 cities had a weekly date.
The style of wrestling at the time was unique — not only in terms of the rule system, but also for the strong emphasis on clean technical wrestling.
Heels made up a minority of the roster, with most shows containing an abnormally high proportion of clean sportsmanly matches between two "blue-eyes" as faces were known backstage in the UK.
This would remain the case for several decades to come. Sign In. Route Guide. Climbing Gyms. What's New. Get the app.
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Share Obituary:. Share a memory Send Flowers Share. The wrestling tradition of Iowa is rooted in catch wrestling as Farmer Burns and his student Frank Gotch are known as the grandfathers of wrestling in Iowa.
A notable match in was between two prime representatives of their respective crafts: the American catch wrestler Ad Santel was the World Light Heavyweight Champion in catch wrestling, while Tokugoro Ito, a 5th degree black belt in judo, claimed to be the World Judo Champion.
Santel defeated Ito and proclaimed himself World Judo Champion. The response from Jigoro Kano 's Kodokan was swift and came in the form of another challenger, 4th degree black belt Daisuke Sakai.
Santel, however, still defeated the Kodokan Judo representative. Santel also drew with 5th degree black belt Hikoo Shoji. The challenge matches stopped after Santel gave up on the claim of being the World Judo Champion in in order to pursue a career in full-time professional wrestling.
Although Tokugoro Ito avenged his loss to Santel with a choke ,  official Kodokan representatives proved unable to imitate Ito's success.
Just as Ito was the only Japanese judoka to overcome Santel, Santel was the only Western catch-wrestler on record as having a win over Ito, who also regularly challenged other grappling styles.
Starting from , one of these professional wrestlers , Inoki, hosted a series of mixed martial arts bouts against the champions of other disciplines.
This resulted in unprecedented popularity of the clash-of-styles bouts in Japan. His matches showcased catch wrestling moves like the sleeper hold, cross arm breaker, seated armbar, Indian deathlock and keylock.
Gotch's students formed the original Universal Wrestling Federation Japan in which gave rise to shoot-style matches. The UWF movement was led by catch wrestlers and gave rise to the mixed martial arts boom in Japan.
Catch wrestling forms the base of Japan 's martial art of shoot wrestling. Japanese professional wrestling and a majority of the Japanese fighters from Pancrase , Shooto and the now defunct RINGS bear links to catch wrestling.
The term no holds barred was used originally to describe the wrestling method prevalent in catch wrestling tournaments during the late 19th century wherein no wrestling holds were banned from the competition, regardless of how dangerous they might be.
The term was later applied to mixed martial arts matches, especially at the advent of the Ultimate Fighting Championship. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.